438
Index
Smooth muscle, 99–100
bronchiole, 111,
111
characteristics, 110,
110
chronic asthma, 111,
111
contractile mechanism, 113,
113
duodenum, 110,
110
medium artery, 113,
113
organization, 110,
110
trachea, 112,
112
uterus, 111,
111
Smudge cell, 140,
140
, 154
Somatotrophs, 325, 328,
328
.
See
also
Growth hormone
Sound transduction
auditory hair cells, 417,
417
cochlea, 417,
417
stereocilia, 417,
417,
418,
418
Space of Disse, 306, 319,
319
Specialized mucosa, 258
circumvallate papillae, 264,
264
filiform papillae, 263,
263
foliate papillae and taste buds,
264,
264
fungiform papillae, 263,
263
vs.
lingual papillae, 264t
Spermatids, 350, 350, 358–359,
358
,
359
Spermatogenesis, 355, 356,
356
Spherical cell, 2,
2
Spleen, 181
circulation, 196,
196
functions, 195
periarterial lymphatic sheath, 196,
196
red pulp, 181, 195,
195
, 197,
197
structure, 181, 195
white pulp, 181, 195,
195
Spongiosis, 255
Spongy urethra, 223, 240,
240
, 346
Squamous cell, 2, 2, 375,
375
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 248,
248
,
312,
312
Stab (band) cells, 150, 152,
152
Steatosis, 6, 6, 318,
318
Stereocilia, 39, 39, 40, 417, 418,
418
Stomach, 51, 51, 288,
288
body region, 281, 289,
289
cardia region, 281, 289,
289
fundic region, 281, 289,
289
pyloric region, 281–282, 290,
290
Stratified columnar epithelium, 27–28,
44,
44
Stratified cuboidal epithelium, 27, 43,
43
Stratified squamous epithelium, 27
nonkeratinized, 42,
42
palm, 41,
41
thin skin, 41,
41
Stria vascularis, 415, 416
Striae of Retzius, 273,
273
Striated duct, 47, 313,
313
Sublingual gland, 48,
48
, 305, 314,
314
Submandibular gland, 54,
54
, 305, 311–313,
311–313
Superior tarsal muscle, 394, 395,
395
Supporting connective tissue, 59
Sweat gland, 47, 52,
52
apocrine, 252,
252
eccrine, 246, 252,
252
Sympathetic ganglion neurons, 132,
132, 336
Synapse, 116, 118
elements, 119, 119
structure, 120,
120
synaptic cleft, 114
Systemic circulation system, 156, 158
T
T lymphocytes
helper T-lymphocyte activation,
186,
186
maturation, 179, 181, 185,
185
types, 179–180
Tarsal glands,
394
, 395
Tectorial membrane, 410, 415, 416,
416, 417
Teeth, 265, 266,
266
dental hard tissue, 275t
enamel, dentin, and dental pulp,
265,
273
eruption, 267, 271,
271
, 273–275
periodontium, 265,
277,
278
root development, 271,
271
Tendinosis, 71,
71
Tensor tympani muscle, 412,
412
Testicular torsion, 364
Testis, 349,
349
seminiferous tubules (
See
Seminiferous
tubules)
seminoma, 361,
361
Testosterone
functions, 343, 345, 349, 353
secretion, 336, 349, 354
Theca externa, 370, 377,
377
Theca folliculi, 370, 376, 377
Theca interna, 370, 377,
377
, 378
Thick skin, 246,
246
Thin skin, 247–251
Thrombocytosis, 154
Thrombopoiesis
demarcation membranes, 145
developmental stages, 145, 146,
146
essential thrombocytosis, 149,
149
,
154
megakaryocytes, 145, 146, 149,
149
promegakaryocytes, 146,
146
, 149,
149
Thymus, 181, 194,
194
Thyroid gland
follicles, 33, 46, 324, 325, 334,
334
,
343
parafollicular cells, 325, 334,
334
, 343
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), 33, 324,
325, 328,
328
, 330, 343
Tight junctions.
See
Zonula occludens
Tinnitus, 420, 423,
423
Tomes process, 270
Tonsils, 180, 189t.
See
also
Palatine tonsils;
Pharyngeal tonsil
Tooth decay, 278
Trachea, 27, 37, 47, 80, 82–84,
84
,
112, 200, 201, 203,
203
, 208–210,
219
Trachoma, 44,
44
Transitional epithelium, 45,
45
Transverse colon, 282, 299
TSH.
See
Thyroid-stimulating hormone
Tubuli recti, 345, 347, 349,
349
, 360,
360
Tunica albuginea, 345, 349,
349
, 368,
368
,
374,
374
Tunica externa, 389, 390, 396
Tunica vaginalis, 345, 349,
349
Tunica vasculosa
choroid, 389, 390, 399
ciliary body, 389, 390, 399
iris, 389–390
Type 1 diabetes mellitus, 341
Type 2 diabetes mellitus, 227, 342,
342
U
Ulceration, 10,
10,
44, 255
Ulcerative colitis, 302,
302
Umbilical cord, 77,
77
, 371, 385,
385
Unicellular glands, 47, 50,
50
Unilaminar primary follicles, 376
Unmyelinated axons, 123–124,
123–124
Upper eyelid, 394–395,
394–395
Upper respiratory airway
larynx
epiglottis, 200–201,
207
vocal cords (folds), 201
nasal cavity
nasal mucosa, 200, 205,
205
olfactory mucosa, 200, 206,
206
vestibule, 200, 205,
205
nasopharynx and oropharynx,
200, 210
Ureters, 222, 237,
237
Urethra, 346
female, 240,
240
male, 240,
240
Urinary bladder, 238–239,
238,
239
Urinary system, 224
collecting system, 222
distal convoluted tubules, 222
kidney, 221
loop of Henle, 221–222
nephron, 221
orientation,
226
proximal convoluted tubules, 221
ureters, 222
urethra, 223
urinary bladder, 222–223
urine production and drainage, 230
Urothelial (transitional) carcinoma,
238,
238
Urothelium, 238,
238
Urticaria, 77
Uterine leiomyoma, 382,
382
Uterus, 371, 381–382,
381–382
V
Vacuolated cytoplasm, 3,
3
Vagina, 371, 385,
385
Varicosity, 114
Vasectomy, 364
Venous system
large vein, 175,
175
medium vein, 174,
174
small vein, 173,
173
venule and arteriole, 173,
173
Vertigo,
420,
421,
421,
423,
423
Vestibular hair cells, 412
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