Index
437
adenoma, 333,
333
blood supply, 331
hormone regulation, 328,
328
hypothalamus, 329,
329
neurohypophysis, 325
optic chiasm, 329,
329
Placenta, 371, 384,
384
Planum semilunatum, 420,
420
Plasma cells, 21,
21
, 57, 60, 61,
61
, 180
Platelets, 135, 143
development (
see
Thrombopoiesis)
granules type, 138,
138
storage pool deficiency, 154
Pleomorphic adenoma, 310,
310
Pleomorphism, 8,
8
Podocytes, 229,
229
, 230
Polarized cell, 2,
2
Polyarteritis nodosa, 169,
169
Polychromatophilic erythroblast, 146,
146
,
147,
147
Polydipsia, 342
Polyhedral cell, 2,
2
Polyuria, 342
Portal fibrosis, 318,
318
, 322
Portal lobule, 317,
317
Portal tract expansion, 322
Posterior corneal epithelium, 396,
396
Posterior iridial epithelium, 400,
400
, 401
Postovulatory structures, 371, 378,
378
Preovulatory follicle, 370, 377
Primary epithelial band, 265, 268,
268
Primary follicles, 370, 376,
376
Primordial follicles, 370, 375,
375
Proerythroblasts, 147,
147
Prolactin, 330, 333,
333
Promyelocytes, 151,
151
, 154
Prostate cancer, 366,
366
Prostate gland, 346
cancer, 366,
366
ejaculatory duct, 365,
365
structure, 366,
366
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), 366, 368
Prostatic urethra, 240,
240
, 346, 365,
365
Proximal convoluted tubule, 221, 228,
228
Proximal straight tubules, 231,
231
Pruritis, 77
Pseudopolyp, 300, 302
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium, 27
respiratory epithelium, 38,
38
trachea, 37,
37
Psoriasis, 41,
41
PTH.
See
Parathormone
Ptosis, 395, 408
Pulp abscess, 276,
276
Pulpitis, 278
Pyloric glands, 282, 290,
290
R
Rathke cysts, 325, 331,
331
Red lesions, 278
Reduced enamel epithelium (REE),
271, 272
Reed-Sternberg cell, 193,
193
, 198
Renal cell carcinoma, 234,
234
Renal Fanconi syndrome, 34,
34
Renal oncocytoma, 235,
235
RER.
See
Rough endoplasmic reticulum
Residual bodies, 357,
357
Respiratory system, 200, 219t
alveolar ducts and alveoli
alveolar macrophages, 202, 217,
217
type I pneumocytes, 202, 215,
215
type II pneumocytes, 202, 216,
216
asthma, 218
dyspnea, 218
finger clubbing, 218
hyaline membrane, 218
lower respiratory airway (
see
Lower
respiratory airway)
respiratory bronchioles, 201, 211,
211
,
213,
213
squamous metaplasia, 218
structure, 203,
203
upper respiratory airway (
see
Upper
respiratory airway)
Rete testis, 345, 360,
360
Reticular connective tissue, 59, 72, 75,
75
Reticular fibers, 58, 67,
67
, 75,
75
Reticular layer, 246,
246
Reticulocytosis, 148,
148
, 154
Retina, 390–391, 404,
404
detachment, 407,
407
layers, 406,
406
, 407
macular region, 404,
404
peripheral region, 404,
404
rods and cones, 404t, 405,
405
Retinopathy, 342
Rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), 12, 18,
18
, 295, 311
S
Salivary glands
duct system, 309,
309
parotid gland, 309,
309
structure, 309,
309
sublingual glands, 314,
314
submandibular glands, 311,
311
intralobular duct, 313,
313
mucous acinus, 312,
312
serous acinus, 311,
311
striated duct, 313,
313
swelling, 43,
43
Saponification, 315, 322
Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), 230,
230
, 418
Scar, 9,
9
SCC.
See
Squamous cell carcinoma
Schweigger-Seidel sheath, 196
Sebaceous glands, 48,
48
, 247, 252,
252
Secondary follicles, ovary, 370, 377,
377
SEM.
See
Scanning electron microscopy
Semicircular duct, 413,
413
Seminiferous epithelium, 350,
350
early spermatid, 351,
351
primary spermatocyte, 352,
352
sertoli cell, 352,
352
spermatogenesis, 356,
356
spermatogenic cells, 355,
355
stages, 356–359,
356–359
Seminiferous tubules, 349,
349
interstitial connective tissue, 349
sertoli cells, 352,
352
spermatids, 350
spermatocytes, 350
spermatogonia, 350
tubuli recti, 349
Sensorineural hearing loss, 418,
418,
423
SER.
See
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum
Serosa and adventitia, 281,
281
Serous acinus, 49,
49
, 311,
311
Serous gland, 47, 48,
48
, 49
Sertoli cells, 345, 350, 352,
352
, 353
Sialadenitis, 43, 314,
314
Sialolithiasis, 314, 322
Sickle cell anemia, 138,
138
Simple columnar epithelium, 27, 35,
35
Simple cuboidal epithelium, 27
kidney tubules, 34,
34
thyroid gland, 33,
33
Simple squamous epithelium, 27
artery endothelium, 31,
31
blood vessels, 31,
31
body cavity, 30,
30
kidney, medulla, 32,
32
oviduct, 30,
30
Sjögren syndrome, 314,
314
Skeletal muscle, 5
characteristics, 103,
103
contraction, 99
motor endplates, 106,
106
muscle spindles, 107,
107
muscular dystrophy, 103,
103
myasthenia gravis, 106,
106
myofilaments, 104,
104
organization, 102,
102
sarcomeres, 104,
104
sarcoplasmic reticulum, 105,
105
striations, 104,
104
transverse tubule system, 105,
105
Skin, 53,
53
, 242–244,
244
accessory structures
apocrine sweat gland, 252,
252
eccrine sweat glands, 252,
252
hair follicle, 253,
253
nails, 254,
254
sebaceous gland, 252,
252
dermis, 246, 247
development of
fetal skin (5 to 9 weeks), 255,
255
fetal skin (5th month), 255,
255
epidermis, 246, 247
functions, 245
hypodermis, 247
scalp, 48,
48
thick vs. thin skin, 251t
Small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, 212,
212
Small intestine, 291
columnar absorptive cell, 294, 294
duodenum, 282, 292,
292
enteroendocrine cells, 295,
295
G cells, 292
goblet cells, 294,
294
ileum, 282
jejunum, 282
muscularis externa, 296,
296
myenteric/auerbach plexus, 296,
296
paneth cells, 295,
295
plicae circulares, 292
submucosal/meissner plexus, 296,
296
villi, 293,
293
Smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER), 12, 13,
319,
319
, 337,
337
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