436
Index
Multinucleation, 8,
8
Multiple sclerosis (MS), 123,
123
Muscle
cardiac muscle (
see
Cardiac muscle)
characteristics, 114t
pathological conditions, 114
skeletal muscle (
see
Skeletal muscle)
smooth muscle (
see
Smooth muscle)
types, 101,
101
Muscular dystrophy, 103,
103
Muscularis externa, 281, 296,
296
Myalgia, 198
Myasthenia gravis, 106,
106
Myelinated axons, 123–124,
123–124
Myelocyte, 151,
151
Myeloperoxidase deficiency, 142
Myocardial infarction (MI), 161,
161
Myoepithelial cells, 252
Myoid processes, 401
N
Necrosis, 9,
9,
77, 114, 318, 381
Neoplasm, 97, 312, 335, 337, 378
Nephrolithiasis, 237
Nephron, 231,
231
distal convoluted tubules, 221,
231
Loop of Henle, 221, 231
proximal convoluted tubule, 221, 231
renal corpuscle, 221
Nephropathy, 342
Nerve fiber layer, 404,
404
, 407
Nervous system
autonomic nervous system (
see
Autonomic
nervous system)
central nervous system (
see
Central nervous
system (CNS))
pathological conditions, 133
peripheral nervous system (
see
Peripheral
nervous system (PNS))
Neurofibrillary tangles, 6,
6
, 133
Neurons
action potentials, 118,
118
brain stem, reticular formation,
126,
126
synapses, 116
types, 118,
118
Neuropathy, 133, 342
Neutrophils, 136
blood cell size, 143
capillary, 141,
141
counts, 143
granules type, 141,
141
life spans, 143
phagocytosis, 136, 142,
142
respiratory burst, 136
Nexus junctions.
See
Gap junctions
Nicotine stomatitis, 262
Node of Ranvier, 123,
123
, 124,
124
Nodular glomerulosclerosis, 227.
See
also
Kimmelstiel-Wilson disease
Nucleus, 12
components, 16,
16
euchromatic vs. heterochromatic, 4, 4
functions, 13
large vs. small, 4,
4
nucleoli prominent, 4,
4
simple vs. segmented, 4,
4
Null cells, 140, 180, 183,
183
Null-cell adenomas, 333
Nulliparity, 387
O
Obesity, 74,
74
Odontoblastic process, 265, 274,
274
Odontogenesis, 267,
267
.
See
also
Teeth,
development
apposition (crown) stage, 265,
270
bell stage, 265, 269
bud stage, 265, 268
cap stage, 265, 268
histogenesis phases, 265
initiation phase, 265
morphogenesis phases, 265
Olfactory mucosa, 200, 203,
203
, 206,
206
Oocyte
fertilization, 382
graafian follicle, 377
mature stage, 370
meiotic division, 377
primary, 370
primordial follicles, 370
secondary, 374
zona pellucida, 376
Optic chiasm, 329,
329
Ora serrata, 403,
403
, 408
Oral mucosa, 259,
259
lining mucosa, 257–258 (
see also
Lining
mucosa)
masticatory mucosa, 258 (
see also
Masticatory mucosa)
specialized mucosa, 258 (
see also
Specialized mucosa)
structures, 259
teeth, 265–278
Oral submucous fibrosis, 261
Orbicularis oculi muscle, 389–390, 394,
394
,
395,
395
Organ of Corti, 413,
413
, 415,
415
, 416,
416
, 418
Orthochromatophilic erythroblast, 145, 146,
146
, 148,
148
Osteitis fibrosa cystica, 335, 342
Osteoarthritis, 84,
84
Osteoblasts, 93,
93
, 96,
96
Osteoclast, 96,
96
, 136, 137
Osteomalacia, 34, 45, 97
Osteoporosis, 97
Osteosarcoma, 95,
95
Otalgia, 422, 423
Otitis media, 422,
422
Otoconia, 421,
421
Otolithic membrane, 419, 421,
421
Ovaries, 370–371, 374,
374
follicle development, 374,
374
Graafian follicle, 377,
377
postovulatory structures, 371, 378
primary follicles, 376,
376
primordial follicles, 375,
375
Oviducts, 371, 380,
380
ciliated cells, 380
epithelial cells, 380,
380
peg cells, 380
Ovoid cell, 2,
2
Oxyphil cells, 335,
335
P
Pacinian corpuscles, 125,
125,
244, 247
Paget disease, 97
Palatine tonsils, 189,
189
Pancreas, 54, 54, 305–306
acinar cells, 316,
316
centroacinar cells, 316,
316
endocrine, 315,
315
exocrine, 315,
315
exocrine pancreatic duct system, 315,
315
Paneth cells, 293, 295,
295
Papanicolaou (Pap) smear, 385
Papillary ducts, 222, 227, 231,
231
, 234
Papilledema, 408,
408
Papillomatosis, 255
Parafollicular cells, 325, 334,
334
Parakeratosis, 45, 255
Parathormone (PTH), 325, 335
Parathyroid gland, 325–326, 327,
327
,
335,
335
Parotid cyst, 310,
310
Parotid gland, 48,
48
, 49,
49
, 309,
309
,
310,
310
Pars distalis, 325, 330,
330
Pars intermedia, 325, 331,
331
Pars nervosa, 325, 332,
332
Penile urethra, 240,
240
, 347
Penis, 347,
347
, 368,
368
Peptic duodenitis, 292,
292
Periodontal disease, 278
Periodontitis, 278
Periodontium, 265
acellular cementum, 277,
277
cellular cementum, 277,
277
ligament and alveolar bone, 277, 278
Perionychium, 254,
254
Peripheral nervous system (PNS), 116, 121,
121
cross section, 122,
122
hereditary sensory motor neuropathy, type
III (HSMN III), 122,
122
Meissner corpuscles, 125,
125
multiple sclerosis (MS), 123,
123
myelinated and unmyelinated axons, 123–
124,
123–124
Pacinian corpuscles, 125,
125
peripheral sensory receptors, 125,
125
posterior root ganglia, 122,
122
Periportal hepatitis, 322,
322
Petechiae, 140, 154
Pharyngeal tonsil, 189,
189
, 200
Pheochromocytoma, 337,
337
Photoreceptor (rods and cones) layer, 407
Pia mater, 129, 129, 408,
408
Pigments, 10
Pineal gland, 326, 339,
339
Pinealocytes, 326, 339,
339
Pineoblastoma, 339,
339
Pinocytotic vesicles, 232,
232
Pituicytes, 325, 332,
332
Pituitary gland, 324–325
adenohypophysis, 325
chromophils and chromophobes, 329
ectoderm, 329
Herring bodies, 329, 332,
332
pars distalis, 330,
330
pars intermedia, 331,
331
pars nervosa, 332,
332
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