Index
433
salivary glands, 305, 309–314 (
see
also
Salivary glands)
Digestive tract, 72, 143, 283,
283,
303t
esophagus, 281
large intestine, 282
mucosa, 280
muscularis externa, 281
orientation, 284
serosa and adventitia, 281
small intestine, 282
structure, 285
submucosa, 280–281
Dilaceration, 271,
271
Discontinuous capillaries, 158, 172,
172
Disk degeneration, 87,
87
Distal straight tubules, 231,
231,
234
DNES.
See
Diffuse neuroendocrine cells
Dry macular degeneration, 407, 408
Duct of Stenson, 310
Ductuli efferentes, 345, 347, 349,
349
,
360–362,
361
Ductus deferens, 345–347, 349, 360, 364,
364
, 367
Ductus epididymis, 345–347, 349,
360
,
362–364,
362
Duodenum, 48, 48, 53, 110, 282, 283, 288,
292,
292
Dura mater, 117, 129,
129
Dyspepsia, 292, 302
Dystrophin, 103, 114
Dysuria, 235, 366
E
Ear, 410–412,
412
auditory system (
see
Auditory system)
cochlear duct and modiolus, 414,
414
inner ear, 413,
413
middle ear structures, 412,
412
sound transduction (
see
Sound
transduction)
vestibular system (
see
Vestibular system)
Eburnation, 84, 97
Eccrine sweat gland, 246,
246,
252,
252
Effector T cells, 180, 183, 185
Efferent arteriole, 222, 228,
228
, 229
Ejaculatory ducts, 240, 345–347, 360, 365,
365
Elastic cartilage, 80, 81, 82, 88, 200
epiglottis, 86,
86
features, 88
growth, 86,
86
Elastic connective tissue, 72, 76,
76
Elastic fibers, 58, 66,
66
Embryonic connective tissues, 59, 68,
68
,
72, 77,
77
Emphysema, 218,
218
Enamel, 265, 266, 267,
267
enamel pearl, 272,
272
fluorosis, 273,
273
structure, 273,
273
Encephalocele, 128,
128
Endochondral ossification, finger, 89, 94,
94
Endocrine pancreas.
See
Islets of
Langerhans
Endocrine system, 117, 327,
327
, 343t
adrenal glands, 326
islets of Langerhans, 326
parathyroid glands, 325–326
pineal gland, 326
pituitary gland, 324–325, 328–333 (
see
also
Pituitary gland)
thyroid gland, 325 (
see also
Thyroid gland)
Endometrium, 371, 372
adenocarcinoma, 382,
382
implantation, 382,
382
menstrual phase, 381,
381
proliferative phase, 381,
381
secretory phase, 381,
381
uterine leiomyoma, 382,
382
Enteroendocrine cells, 281, 288, 289, 290,
292, 295,
295
Eosinophils, 58, 60, 62
connective tissue, 144
counts, 143
functions, 136
granules, 143,
143
life spans, 143
size, 143
Epidermal rete ridge, 246,
246
Epididymitis, 362
Epiglottis, 200–201, 207
Epiphyseal plate, finger, 94,
94
Epithelium, 46t.
See
also
Exocrine glands
apical surface, 28
basal surface, 28
classification, 29t
lateral surface, 28
tissues
functions of, 46
pseudostratified columnar epithelium, 27,
37–38,
37–38
simple columnar epithelium, 27, 35,
35
simple cuboidal epithelium, 27, 33–34,
33–34
simple squamous epithelium, 27 (
see also
Simple squamous epithelium)
stratified columnar epithelium, 27–28,
44,
44
stratified cuboidal epithelium, 27, 43,
43
stratified squamous epithelium, 27,
41–42,
41–42
transitional epithelium, 28, 45,
45
Eponychium, 243, 254,
254
Erythema, 394, 422, 423
Erythropoiesis, 146, 154
basophilic erythroblast, 147,
147
developmental stages, 145
differentiation, 146,
146
erythrocytes, 138–139,
138–139
orthochromatophilic erythroblast, 148,
148
polychromatophilic erythroblast, 147,
147
proerythroblasts, 147,
147
reticulocytes, 148,
148
Esophagus, 42,
42,
261, 281–282
carcinoma, 287,
287
lower, 287, 287
middle, 286,
286
muscularis externa, 286,
286
upper, 286,
286
Exocrine glands
classification
morphology, 55t, 50,
50
product, 48–49,
48–49
secretion mechanisms, 47
duct systems, 47, 55
Exocrine pancreas, 315,
315
External auditory meatus, 410, 412
Extraglomerular mesangial cells, 228,
228
Extratesticular genital ducts, 345–346
ductus deferens, 364,
364
ductus epididymis, 362,
362
, 363,
363
ejaculatory duct, 365,
365
Eye, 131, 389–391
anatomy, 392
eyelids, 389–390 (
See also
Upper eyelid)
optic nerve, 391, 408,
408
orientation,
393
refractive media, 390
retina (
see
Retina)
tunica fibrosa (tunica externa), 390
tunica vasculosa (tunica media), 390
F
Fat necrosis, 9,
9
, 315
Fatty change, 6,
6,
318
Female reproductive system, 370–373
cervix, 383,
383
mammary gland (
see
Mammary Gland)
ovaries (
see
Ovaries)
oviducts (
see
Oviducts)
placenta (
see
Placenta)
postovulatory structures (
see
Postovulatory
structures)
umbilical cord, 385,
385
uterus (
see
Uterus)
vagina, 371, 385,
385
Fenestrated capillary, 171,
171
, 332
, 332
Fibrillation,
84
, 97
Fibroblasts, 57, 60–62, 64, 69, 71, 277
Fibrocartilage, 81, 82
disk degeneration and herniation, 87,
87
features, 88
growth, 87,
87
intervertebral disk, 87,
87
Fibrosis, 114
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS),
235
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), 330, 370,
377, 379
Follicular cells, 23, 33, 370, 375
Funisitis, 385
Fusiform cell, 2,
2
G
Gallbladder, 306, 307, 321,
321
, 322
Gallstones, 315, 322,
322
Ganglion neurons, 326, 338,
338
Gap junctions, 12, 28, 36, 40, 99, 109, 110,
159, 161, 165, 269
Gastric metaplasia, 302
Gastric ulcer, 290,
290
Gastrinoma, 290,
290
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), 287
Gastroesophageal sphincter, 281
Gemination, 268, 272,
272
Genital glands
ovaries (
see
Ovaries)
prostate gland, 366,
366
seminal vesicles, 367,
367
testis (
see
Testis)
Germinal matrix, 253, 254
Gigantism, 333
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