432
Index
Capillary system, 157, 158, 163
continuous capillaries, 170,
170
discontinuous capillaries, 172,
172
fenestrated capillaries, 171,
171
Cardiac glands, 281, 288, 289
Cardiac muscle, 99, 101,
101
actin and myosin Flaments, 109,
109
interconnected muscle cells, 108,
108
longitudinal section, 108,
108
myocardium, 159, 160,
160
transverse section, 108,
108
Cardiovascular system, 156, 158,
158
heart (
see
Heart)
systemic circulation system, 158
Cartilage, 82t
cells, 80
elastic cartilage (
see
Elastic cartilage)
fibrocartilage (
see
±ibrocartilage)
functions, 88
growth, 81, 88,
88
hyaline cartilage (
see
Hyaline cartilage)
matrix, 80
pathological conditions, 97
types, 80–81
Caseous necrosis, 9,
9
Cataract, 399,
399
Caveolae, 100, 114, 170
Celiac (coeliac) disease, 35,
35
Cell structure,
14
cell surface, 12
functions, 13
intestinal absorptive cells, 19,
19
cytoplasmic organelles, 17–18,
17–18
(
see also
Cytoplasm)
cytoskeleton, 19,
19
(
see also
Cytoskeleton)
ion pumping, 24,
24
membranes, 15,
15
nucleus, 16,
16
(
see also
Nucleus)
plasma cell, immediate secretion, 21,
21
shape, 2,
2
size, 4
steroid hormone synthesis, 23,
23
Cellular accumulations, 6–9,
6
9
Central nervous system (CNS), 116–117,
121,
121
Alzheimer disease, 127,
127
brainstem, reticular formation, 126,
126
cerebellar cortex, 128,
128
cerebellar folium, 128,
128
cerebral cortex, 127,
127
encephalocele, 128,
128
glial cells, 117, 130,
130
meninges, 117, 129,
129
spinal cord, 126,
126
Centroacinar cells, 305, 316,
316
Cerebral cortex, 117, 127,
127
Cervical cancer, 383,
383
, 385
Cervix, 383,
383
cancer, 383,
383
, 265
mucosa, 372
Chalazion, 394,
394
Chief cells, 281, 288, 289, 335,
335
Cholesterol stones, 322,
322
Chromaffin cells, 338,
338
Chronic inflammation, 5,
5
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), 140,
140
Cilia, 12, 27, 28
Ciliary body
aqueous humor outflow, 403,
403
ciliary process, 402,
402
ora serrata, 403,
403
posterior portion, 403,
403
processes and muscle, 402,
402
transverse and posterior views,
402,
402
Circulatory system.
See
Arterial system;
Capillary system; Heart; Venous
system
Cirrhosis, 75,
75,
77, 322.
See also
Alcoholic
cirrhosis
Clara cells, 201, 212, 213,
213
Classic lobule, 317,
317
, 318
Clear cells, 234,
234
, 252
Coagulative necrosis, 9,
9
Coagulopathy, 75, 77
Cochlea, 415,
415,
417
Collagen fibers, 58, 65t
dense connective tissue, 64,
64
fibroblasts, 65,
65
loose connective tissue, 64,
64
mesentery spread, 64,
64
skin, 64,
64
Colon polyps, 300,
300
Colorectal cancer, 300,
300
Columnar cell, 2,
2
Compact bone, 89–92,
91
92
, 278
Computed tomography (CT), 423,
423
Conductive hearing loss,
422,
423
Connective tissue, 30
adipose tissue (
see
Adipose tissue)
cells, 61–63,
61–63
classification, 68t
connective tissue proper (
see
Connective
tissue proper)
elastic connective tissue (
see
Elastic
connective tissue)
embryonic connective tissues (
see
Embryonic connective tissues)
fibers
collagen fibers (
see
Collagen fibers)
elastic fibers, 58, 66,
66
reticular fibers, 58, 67,
67
functions, 72
ground substance, 58
pathological conditions, 77
reticular connective tissue (
see
Reticular
connective tissue)
supporting connective tissue, 59
types, 78t
Connective tissue proper, 68,
68
connective tissue cells, 60,
60
dense connective tissue, 58
dense irregular connective tissue, 69–70,
69–70
dense regular connective tissue, 71,
71
functions, 72
loose connective tissue, 59
large intestine, 72,
72
mesentery, 72,
72
microorganism invasion/mechanical
trauma, 73,
73
small intestine, 73,
73
Continuous capillary,
163
, 170,
170
Cornea, 396,
396
corneal endothelium, 396,
396
pavement epithelium, 396–397,
396–397
posterior corneal epithelium, 397,
397
Corona radiata, 370, 377
Coronary artery atherosclerosis (CAD),
169,
169
Corpus albicans, 372, 378,
378
Corpus luteum, 370, 371, 378,
378
Crista ampullaris, 419,
419,
420,
420
Crohn disease, 302,
302
Crypt abscess, 302,
302
Cryptitis, 302,
302
Cryptorchidism, 361, 368
Cuboidal cell, 2,
2
Cumulus oophorus, 377
Cushing disease, 333
Cytoplasm
abundant
vs.
scant, 3,
3
basophilia
vs.
acidophilia, 3,
3
erythropoiesis, 154
functions, 13
Golgi complex, 12, 18,
18
granules, 3,
3
lysosome, 12
membrane-delimited vesicles, 12
mitochondria, 12, 17,
17
ribosome, 12
rough endoplasmic reticulum, 12, 18,
18
secretory granules, 12
smooth endoplasmic reticulum, 12,
18,
18
vacuolated cytoplasm, 3,
3
Cytoskeleton, 13
actin filaments, 13
centrosome, 13
cytokeratin Flaments (tonoFlaments), 36
functions, 13
intermediate filaments, 13
intestinal absorptive cells, 19,
19
microtubules, 13
neuron dendrites, 19,
19
D
Dark cells, 252, 420
Delta cells, 320, 340
Dens invaginatus, 268, 278
Dense connective tissue.
See
Connective tissue
proper
Dental pulp, 265, 266, 273, 276,
276
Dentin, 265–267, 270,
270,
271, 273–275
dentinal tubules, 274,
274
dysplasia, 275,
275
types, 274,
274
Dentinoenamel junction (DEJ), 265, 266,
273, 274
Dentinogenesis imperfecta, 274,
274,
275
Dermal papilla, 243, 246,
246
, 253
Descemet membrane, 390, 395–397
Descending colon, 282, 299
Desmosomes.
See
Macula adherens
Diabetic ketoacidosis, 341
Diabetic nephropathy, 227, 235
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL),
190,
190
Diffuse neuroendocrine cells (DNES), 201,
209, 295
Digestive glands, 280, 307,
307
gallbladder, 306, 321–322 (
see
also
Gallbladder)
liver, 306, 318–320 (
see
also
Liver)
pancreas, 305, 315–317 (
see
also
Pancreas)
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