431
A
Acanthosis, 255, 262
Achondroplasia, 97
Acromegaly.
See
Gigantism
Actin filaments, 13
Actinic keratosis, 69,
69
, 248
Acute inflammation, 5,
5
, 142, 315
Acute pancreatitis, 315,
315
, 322
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS),
218,
218
Adenocarcinoma
Barrett syndrome, 42, 287
breast, 387,
387
colon cancer, 300
endometrial, 382,
382
esophagus, 287
ADH.
See
Antidiuretic hormone
Adipose tissue, 59,
68
adipocytes, 74,
74
epiglottis, age impacts, 207,
207
mammary gland, 74,
74
skin, 246,
246
Adluminal compartment, 350, 356,
358,
358
Adrenal gland (suprarenal gland)
cortex, 336, 337,
336,
337
medulla, 338,
338
Afferent arteriole, 222, 228, 229
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD),
407,
407
Agranulocytes, 137,
137
, 140,
140
.
See also
Monocytes
Alcoholic cirrhosis, 318
Alcoholic fatty liver.
See
Steatosis
Alpha 1-antitrypsin, 6,
6
Alpha cells, 340,
340
Alveolar macrophage, 216, 217,
217
Alzheimer disease, 127,
127
Amelogenesis,
267
, 270,
270
Amelogenesis imperfecta, 272,
272
Ampulla of Vater, 305, 322
Amyloid
cellular accumulations, 6,
6
deposition, 342,
342
Anaphylaxis, 62,
62,
63,
63
Anastomose, 99, 114
Androgenetic alopecia, 253,
253
Ankylosis,
278
Anterior corneal epithelium, 396,
396
, 397
Anterior iridial epithelium, 400,
400
, 401
Anthracosis, 10,
10
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH), 325,
328,
329,
332, 343t
Antigen-presenting cells, 180, 185,
185
, 193
Antrum, 370, 376, 377,
377
Apocrine sweat gland, 242, 244, 252,
252
Apoptosis, 5,
5
, 179, 184, 247
Appendicitis, 190, 301
Apposition (crown) stage, tooth development,
265, 270,
270
Arachnoid mater, 129,
129
Area cribrosa, 221, 227, 231
Arterial system
large/elastic (conducting) artery,
164,
164
medium artery, 165–166,
165–166
small artery, 166,
166
Ascending colon, 282,
298
, 299
Asthma, 63, 111,
111
, 208, 218
Astrocytes, 130,
130,
408
Ataxia, 133
Atrophy, 5,
5,
127, 302
Auditory hair cells, 412
Auditory system, 410
cochlea, 415,
415
organ of Corti, 415,
415,
416,
416
scala media, 415,
415
Auerbach plexus, 132,
132
, 296,
296
Autodigestion, 315, 322
Autoimmune disease, 106, 114, 314, 334
Autonomic nervous system, 117
autonomic ganglia
myenteric plexus, 132,
132
vs.
posterior root, 133t
submucosal plexus, 133,
133
sympathetic ganglion, 132,
132
structure, 131–132,
131
Azurophilic granules, 140
B
Barrett esophagus, 287,
287
.
See also
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
(GERD)
Barrett syndrome, 42,
42
Basal cell carcinoma, 249,
249
Basal lamina, 12–13, 28
capillary system, 157,
170
crista ampullaris, 420,
420
melanocytes, 250
primordial follicle, 375
simple squamous epithelium, 30
Basilar membrane, 410, 415, 417
Basolateral folds, 12, 13, 24, 40, 313
Basophilic erythroblast, 145, 146–147,
147–
147
Basophils, 58, 60
adenohypophysis, 325
functions, 136
granules, 143,
143
structure, 137,
137
Bell stage, teeth development, 265, 267,
267,
269,
269
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), 235
Beta cells, 340,
340,
341,
341
Bile canaliculus, 320,
320
Biliary colic, 322
Bitemporal hemianopia, 329, 333, 342
Blepharitis, 394, 408
Blood vessels
arterial system, 156 (
see also
Arterial
system)
arterioles, 167–168,
167
168
capillary system, 157 (
see also
Capillary
system)
endothelial functions, 168
small artery, 167,
167
structure, 162,
162
types, 163,
163
venous system, 157 (
see also
Venous
system)
Blood-air barrier, 202, 214,
214
, 215, 217
B-lymphocyte
antigen recognization, 179
maturation, 179, 184,
184
Bone, 80, 97t
cancellous bone, 92,
92
cells, 89
compact bone, 91–92,
91
92
development and growth, 89
bone remodeling, 96,
96
endochondral ossification, 94,
94
epiphyseal plate, 94,
94
intramembranous ossification, 93,
93
long bone, 95,
95
osteoblasts, 93,
93
osteoclast, 96,
96
osteosarcoma, 95,
95
functions, 90
matrix, 89
pathological conditions, 97
remodeling, nasal, 96,
96
Bowman capsule, 221, 228,
228
Bowman membrane, 390, 396,
396
, 397
Brain sand, 326, 339,
339
Bronchus
hyaline cartilage, 83, 83
tertiary bronchus, 210, 210
secondary bronchus, 210, 210
small tertiary bronchus , 212,
212
Bronchus-associated lymphatic tissue (BALT),
180, 187, 189
Brown adipose tissue, 59, 74
Brunner gland, 53, 282, 291, 292,
292
Buccal gland, 261
Bud stage, teeth development, 265, 267–268,
267
268
C
Calcification, 5,
5
Cancellous bone, 89, 90, 92,
92
, 278
Cap stage, teeth development, 265, 267,
267,
268,
268
, 272
Index
Page numbers in
italics
denote figures; those followed by a “t” denote tables.
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